What is a stroke
What is a stroke | What are the symptoms of a stroke in women and men, does a stroke cause death, when does a stroke patient die, what are the causes of stroke, and how can a stroke be treated.
Perhaps a stroke is one of the most serious brain problems, and many people have several questions about stroke, which we will learn about in this article presented to you from the Jamal Health website.
We will learn together about what is a stroke, its symptoms, causes, types, treatment and ways to prevent it, and we will learn whether a stroke causes death.
What is a stroke?
In this article, which is about stroke, we will start by identifying what is a stroke:
- Stroke is the lack of oxygen to the brain cells through the blood, and therefore these cells die, and this is known as a stroke.
- The majority of stroke cases occur in people over the age of 65, but it may affect those younger than that.
- Complications of a stroke vary according to the time during which the brain cells did not receive blood and oxygen. For example, if a person had a stroke and was immediately taken to the hospital and the necessary medical procedures were taken, the complications would be very simple and the injured would not have problems after that, but in the event of a delay in ambulance to the hospital, Complications will be more severe and some complications may occur, such as:
– Difficulty speaking or swallowing.
– memory loss .
Paralysis or loss of muscle control.
After we know what a stroke is, we will now know the symptoms of a stroke:
The brain is in control of all parts of the body, so the symptoms of a stroke vary according to the affected area of the brain. The most common symptoms of a stroke are:
- Sudden difficulty in pronunciation and speech, or what is called slurred speech.
- Suddenly experiencing weakness on one side of the face, and there is a tendency for the side that is affected by weakness to one of the sides, whether it is the right or left side of the face.
- The person suffers from sudden weakness that affects one side of the body if it is the left side or the right side. The weakness may include the whole side or part of it, whether the weakness affects the left or right side of the body.
- Exposure to fainting continuously and suddenly.
- Suddenly experiencing difficulties with balance or walking.
- Some people have these symptoms for minutes or hours and disappear, and these people are more likely to have a stroke.
- If you notice the appearance of these symptoms on someone near you, do not hesitate to take him to the hospital immediately.
- It is worth noting that the previous symptoms include early stroke symptoms as well as transient stroke symptoms in addition to mild stroke symptoms.
After we know what is a stroke and its symptoms, let us now know the most common causes of stroke:
- The main reason behind any stroke is that the blood and oxygen do not reach the brain cells in sufficient quantity, and this is due to one of the following three reasons:
- A clot in one of the arteries that carries blood and oxygen.
- The presence of a foreign body or a clot in the heart, and then this clot or the foreign body moves until it reaches the brain and causes a stroke.
- Bleeding, whether caused by high blood pressure or by severe weakness of the walls of blood vessels of brain cells, as this bleeding leads to stroke or stroke.
Speaking of stroke, we will now learn about the types of stroke:
- It is the cessation of blood flow to one of the centers of the brain.
- This type accounts for 80% to 85% of strokes.
- This type accounts for 15% of strokes.
It must be noted that the previous two types also have several types and divisions, but all types of strokes have the same symptoms that we previously mentioned in the article, and all of them require transportation to the hospital as soon as possible.
In light of our talk about what is a stroke, let’s now learn about the treatment of stroke:
- Surely you have already heard the proverb “a hemorrhage does not cure”, which was said in the old days whenever a stroke or stroke was mentioned.
- However, with the advancement of medicine, there are treatments for strokes either with strong liquefies that can dissolve any stroke or by therapeutic catheterization.
- The method of treatment is determined by the doctor and depends on the time of the patient’s arrival to the hospital. The patient must be immediately taken to the hospital in case of a stroke.
- For example: medical studies prove that strong fluids are only effective within nine hours of a stroke or stroke.
- It should be noted that the patient must be taken to a hospital where advanced treatment methods are available, including strong fluids and catheters in particular. The percentage of cases that respond to treatment with strong fluids ranges between 30% and 40%, while the percentage of cases that respond to catheterization treatment ranges between 80 % up to 85%.
- Therapeutic catheterization depends on the supply of a tube to the brain through which the clot causing the clot is suctioned.
Does stroke cause death?
Many people wonder whether a stroke is a fatal condition or not. Here is our answer:
- In the event of a significant delay in bringing the patient to the hospital, then death could be a complication of stroke.
- According to medical statistics, around the world 15 million strokes occur during one year, five million cases end in death, five million are disabled and five million recover.
After all we discussed about what is a stroke, we will now learn at the conclusion of this article on ways to prevent a stroke or stroke:
- Maintain normal blood pressure rates. If you notice any abnormality in your blood pressure rates, whether low or high, you must consult a doctor to solve the problem, either by following some habits or by taking medications.
- Those who take medications related to blood pressure, their blood pressure must be measured on a daily basis, and in the event of any abnormality, they must consult a doctor, who may prescribe other medications for them.
- Excess cholesterol above the 200 limit makes a person more likely to have a stroke, so it is important for patients with pressure and diabetes to test their cholesterol at intervals to ensure that the ratio is normal.
- It is also important to eat a healthy diet that helps reduce cholesterol levels, along with exercise.
- Stay away from obesity, people whose body mass index or BMI is more than 30 are more likely to have a stroke, so it is necessary for those who are overweight or obese to follow up with a specialist doctor to help them lose weight either by following a healthy diet or by eating Some medications or even surgeries if necessary.
- Stay away from smoking permanently or at least reduce it as much as possible.
At the end of the article What is a stroke:
In an article, what is a stroke, we learned about stroke, its types, symptoms, and causes, as well as its treatment and whether it causes death, finally knowing ways to prevent stroke .