insulin resistance test
insulin resistance test
insulin resistance test What is insulin , what is the normal level of insulin in the blood, what is the best diet for insulin resistance, what foods cause high insulin
insulin resistance test
insulin resistance test What is insulin , what is the normal level of insulin in the blood, what is the best diet for insulin resistance, what foods cause high insulin, and how can insulin resistance be examined in the blood.
Diabetes is considered one of the most prevalent diseases around the world, causing the death of thousands of people annually, which is called the silent disease or the silent killer, because it is a disease that has no fixed symptoms or known introductions, so in this article we will highlight the examination of insulin resistance and how make it.
Before talking about examining insulin resistance, let’s get to know the insulin hormone. In 1920 AD, Canadian doctor Frederick Banting discovered the hormone insulin and its role in the treatment of diabetes, where he defined the specifications of insulin, which are:
- Insulin is a hormone that consists of two chains: B and A of 51 amino acids.
- Protein in nature
- It is secreted by the pancreas gland, which is located between the stomach and the spine.
Causes of insulin resistance:
In today’s topic about examining insulin resistance, we must know that the exact cause of insulin resistance is still not completely confined, but there are a group of factors that may increase the body’s resistance to insulin, namely:
- Follow a high calorie diet.
- Follow a high-carbohydrate or high-sugar diet.
- Doing a lot and over a long period of time.
- Incidence of polycystic ovary disease in females.
- High level of insulin in the blood.
- Accumulation of harmful fats in the liver and pancreas.
- The presence of severe inflammatory lesions.
Insulin resistance testing equipment:
Testing for insulin resistance does not require special preparations before or during the test for insulin resistance.
- However, some doctors require patients who want this type of examination to fast before performing it.
- Therefore, it is always necessary for patients to adhere to the instructions of their doctors.
How to check for insulin resistance:
Insulin resistance does not have any symptoms in many cases, as many tests must be performed in order to detect this pathology, and the examination of insulin resistance is through the following steps:
Cumulative glucose test to check for insulin resistance:
- ( HbA1C test ), through which we infer the level of sugar in the blood during the previous two or three months.
- After collecting a blood sample and analyzing it in the laboratory in order to detect the level of sugar in the blood.
Glucose test to check for insulin resistance:
- A blood glucose test is performed after fasting, as recommended by the doctor, to stop eating and drinking for a period of no less than eight hours prior to conducting this type of test.
- The doctor may repeat the tests a second time to confirm the results.
A so-called random sugar test:
- In this type of test, the level of glucose in the blood is measured at any hour of the day without fasting or abstaining from food.
Glucose tolerance test:
- The test for insulin resistance lasts for two hours, during which the doctor determines the level of glucose before he begins the examination.
- Then the person takes a sugary drink that contains a certain amount of glucose.
- Then the doctor checks the glucose level again in two hours.
Insulin resistance test results:
The results of the insulin resistance test include:
- The waist circumference of men is more than 40 inches, and in women it is more than 35 inches.
- Blood pressure readings are close to 130/80 or higher.
- Post-fasting glucose level over 100 mg/dL.
- Fasting triglyceride levels above 150 mg/dL.
- HDL cholesterol levels below 40 mg/dL in men and below 50 mg/dL in women.
- Skin tags: some spots appear on the skin and are dark and velvety, called acanthosis nigricans.
Insulin resistance diet:
There is a healthy diet for the treatment of insulin resistance, where some nutrients lack important elements, such as calcium as well as dietary fiber, and according to the recommendations of the Diabetes Association of America, it is important for people with diabetes:
- Eating foods that increase insulin sensitivity and thus reduce insulin resistance, and in general, it is best to stay away from eating processed foods.
- Choose whole, unprocessed foods so your body doesn’t stop insulin from working properly.
- Exercising on a daily basis is one of the important factors. During sports activity, muscles absorb glucose from the blood, and do not need insulin.
- Walking after a meal and moderate activity throughout the day, which helps to better manage your blood sugar well.
- Making lifestyle changes that help reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, as well as cardiovascular disease.
What foods raise insulin:
Here are some foods suitable for stabilizing insulin levels and lowering blood sugar:
- Vegetables are an excellent food for almost any diet, including those suitable for people with diabetes.
Whole grain foods:
- Because whole grains are a healthier alternative to processed or refined grains.
- It is an essential part of a balanced diet.
- Some people associate all fat content with poor health, and this is a common mistake.
- However, some of them help in maintaining health, not all of them are harmful.
- They may be monounsaturated or polyunsaturated fats, such as omega-3, a fatty acid found in oily fish.
- Like salmon, which contains high amounts of protein and omega-3 fatty acids.
- Protein is especially healthy for diabetics, as it does not affect blood sugar.
- Because the patient feels full and provides essential nutrients that help the body grow.
- People with diabetes should try to add fatty fish to their diet at least one day of the week.
- Cocoa is full of nutrients, as it contains the flavonoid epicatechin.
- Which helps in regulating the level of sugar in the blood.
- A 2017 study cited results from several small studies, which suggest that it may help slow the progression of diabetes to type 2 diabetes.
- Like black beans, which are rich in protein, because protein is an essential nutrient found in meat, fish and some vegetables.
- As well as nuts and legumes , a lot of research has confirmed that protein does not increase blood sugar levels.
- It helps a person with diabetes feel full for a longer period of time.
Normal level of insulin in the blood:
- As for the normal level of insulin in the blood, there is no agreement on that, as its normal value varies between 0.2 and 0.25 ml/IU.
- Knowing that the insulin level may be low after the analysis.
- That is, it is less than 0.2 ml / IU / due to health problems with regard to red blood cells, or problems related to the pancreas.
At the end of the article insulin resistance test:
Thus, we have talked in this article about insulin resistance test. We also discussed how to conduct this examination and the necessary equipment for that, in addition to the appropriate foods for patients with insulin resistance. You can also learn about my experience with insulin resistance .